He said: “We might be out of the bottom three, but it’s still relegation [in terms of] points per game played and we have got to make sure we continue to lessen that gap, the quicker the better and certainly by winning three in the first six, it takes us to where we want to be going. “I said when I came here, I don’t really want to be doing what the club has done over the last four years and have to win a huge amount of games in the last six or eight matches. Let’s try not to get there and let’s try to do it as quickly as we can.” Stoke were up against it from the moment skipper Ryan Shawcross, who had earlier been booked for a cynical foul on Steven Fletcher, was cautioned for a second time for a 47th-minute challenge on Watmore, although replays suggested he was unfortunate to see red. However, the home side had to wait until the 82nd-minute to get their noses in front when substitute Adam Johnson squared a free-kick to Patrick van Aanholt and he blasted his first league goal for the club past the helpless Jack Butland from 25 yards. But it was 21-year-old Duncan Watmore, who had replaced the injured Jermain Defoe before the break, who sealed the win with an equally accomplished finish three minutes later. The goal was the perfect response to his manager’s challenge this week to add end-product to his game and went some of the way towards justifying his new four and a half-year contract. Allardyce said: “New contract, honours degree, winning goal – it doesn’t get any better than that, does it? We just have to make sure he keeps his feet on the ground, that’s what we have to do now. “He came on on what he has shown me in the short time I have been here. He caused the central defenders so many problems in the first half and then in the second half, where they had to resort to fouling him and continuing to foul him, which got Shawcross sent off.” The Black Cats followed up Monday night’s 1-0 win at Crystal Palace with a 2-0 victory over 10-man Stoke at the Stadium of Light on Saturday afternoon to climb out of the bottom three for the first time this season. However, Allardyce, who now has three wins from his six games at the helm, is adamant there is still much work to be done. Sunderland boss Sam Allardyce has warned his players they are still in a Barclays Premier League relegation battle despite collecting six points in as many days. Stoke boss Mark Hughes was unhappy with referee mike Dean’s decisions to both dismiss Shawcross and award the free-kick from which Van Aanholt opened the scoring. He said: “I felt the referee should have used common sense, to be perfectly honest. Ryan feels he got a touch on the ball – if that’s the case, then he’s got their first, so the referee should have given him the benefit of the doubt. “He didn’t, so he’s made the decision with the help of, I think, his assistant on that side of the field, who got involved, so we are down to 10 men. “Even at that point as the game progressed, I didn’t think Sunderland really created a great deal and didn’t cause us too many problems even with one less man. “They needed another break – they got it because the referee for the decision for the free-kick totally wrong. The lad Johnson has just dived, basically, just jumped out of a non-tackle, basically. “Obviously, the strike itself is a great strike – it takes some strike to beat Jack from 30-odd yards, so you give the boy credit for winning the game for Sunderland.” Press Association
May 21 2018A type of flavonoid found in dark-pigmented fruits like red grapes and blueberries may slow the lung function decline that occurs with aging, according to new research presented at the ATS 2018 International Conference.Previous research has shown that the plant-produced chemicals known as flavonoids have beneficial antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Anthocyanins, the type of flavonoid investigated in the current study, have been detected in lung tissue shortly after being ingested, and in animals models of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The plant chemicals appear to reduce mucus and inflammatory secretions.However, “the epidemiological evidence on the association between flavonoids and lung function is very scant,” said lead study author Vanessa Garcia-Larsen, PhD, assistant professor in the Human Nutrition Division of the Department of International Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland. “So we wanted to investigate whether dietary intake and anthocyanins are associated with lung function decline in middle-age adults.”The researchers analyzed data from 463 adults (average age: 44) who participated in the second and third European Community Respiratory Health Surveys from 2002 to 2012. Those included in the current study completed a dietary questionnaire and underwent spirometry at enrollment and upon follow-up. A common lung function test, spirometry measures the amount of air that a person can forcefully exhale in one second (FEV1), the total amount of air a person can exhale after taking a deep breath (FVC) and the ratio of the two, FEV1/FVC. Participants were then grouped into quartiles based on the amount of anthocyanins they consumed.The study found individuals in the highest, compared to the lowest, quartile of anthocyanin intake had:Related StoriesPotential benefits and risks of using e-cigarettesFinancial incentives may help people quit smoking and remain smoke-freeNew research links “broken heart syndrome” to cancer a slower rate of annual decline in FEV1 than those in the lowest quartile: -9.8 milliliters per year (mL/yr) vs. -18.9 mL/yr. a slower rate of annual decline in FVC than those in the lowest quartile: -9.8 mL/yr vs. -22.2 mL/yr. a slower rate of annual decline in FEV1/FVC: -0.02/yr. Source:http://www.thoracic.org/ The researchers also analyzed the association between anthocyanin consumption and lung function in smokers, those who had never smoked and those who quit. The association between high consumption of the flavonoids and reduced lung function decline appeared to be stronger among both never smokers and those who had quit than in the general study population. Among smokers, the study did not find an association between anthocyanin intake and lung function.The study adjusted for a wide range of factors, including characteristics of participants’ diets, gender, height, body mass index and socioeconomic status. Another strength of the study was its inclusion of participants from two countries, Norway and England. The study was limited by its relatively small size and the fact that diets were self-reported.”Our study suggests that the general population could benefit from consuming more fruits rich in these flavonoids like berries, particularly those who have given up smoking or have never smoked, Dr. Larsen said. “For smokers, quitting remains the best thing they can do to protect their health.”The first European Community Respiratory Health Survey began in 1990 in response to a worldwide increase in asthma prevalence. The scope of the surveys has expanded to include information about the associations between behavioral and environmental factors that might also affect the development of COPD.