Month: August 2019

Analog of cosmological particle creation

first_img“In cosmology there’s this quantum effect,” Ralf Schützhold tells PhysOrg.com. “In the universe, there is a ground state, where it is empty. But if the universe starts to expand or contract, the vacuum is distorted, no longer empty. Particles are created.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Strange warping geometry helps to push scientific boundaries Citation: Analog of cosmological particle creation (2007, December 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-12-analog-cosmological-particle-creation.htmlcenter_img Explore further The quantum effects described by Schützhold, a theorist at the Institute for Theoretical Physics at the Dresden University of Technology, in Germany, are small right now. “This effect right now is probably very tiny,” he says. “But during the formation of the universe, quantum effects probably played a big role.”Schützhold and his colleagues, Michael Uhlmann at the Institute in Dresden, and experimental scientists Lutz Petersen, Hector Schmitz, Axel Friedenauer and Tobias Schätz at the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics in Garching, Germany, hope to model quantum particle creation using an analog of phonons in an ion trap. Their work is discussed in an article titled “Analogue of Cosmological Particle Creation in an Ion Trap,” and published in Physical Review Letters.“In this analog, we expect to see the same effect of quantum particle creation that happened in the universe. But instead of electrons and photons, as are present in the universe, we use phonons in an ion trap,” Schützhold explains. He points out that through such an analog, it would be possible to “see cosmological effects and do experiments.”“One of the basic indications we propose to use,” Schützhold says, “is pairs. Particles created by these quantum effects always come in pairs. In the ion trap, it would be the same thing. If there is a quantum effect, the phonons would come in pairs. If we find that we have two particles instead of one, there is a strong indication of quantum effects.” Such detection in the ion trap would help rule out effects leading to particle creation due to such classical physics effects as heating.Schützhold points out that understanding the quantum effects that lead to particle creation would not directly point to how the universe was formed. “This is a way to help understand possible quantum effects in the early universe, but it is not a direct test of cosmological particle creation.” He pauses before continuing. “In the long run, this could help us understand issues of theory better.”One of the attractive qualities of the ion trap analog proposed by the scientists in Germany is that it is possible to see results using current technology. According to Schützhold, Schätz, head of the experimental group in Garching, says that they have already done a preliminary experiment where they cooled the ions close to the ground state and achieved optical pumping at 99 percent accuracy. “It’s not fully ready, yet,” he concedes, “but it should be ready maybe by the end of this year or the beginning of next year.”This experiment, Schützhold explains, is a way to probe the quantum effects behind particle creation and work toward understanding fundamental questions of quantum physics. “This quantum effect was just calculated in theory,” he says. “Of course now we want to see it in an experiment…It hasn’t been seen practically yet.”And while the technology to directly measure quantum effects in particle creation may be years down the road, Schützhold and his colleagues may have found a way to understand these effects now by using an experimental analog that might possibly model the same effects.Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com.last_img read more

Could the Taste of Vodka be Related to Molecular Makeup

first_img Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — When we think of taste, we don’t normally think about how something’s molecular makeup influences our tongues. A group of scientists at the University of Cincinnati and Moscow State University tested the molecular structure of different vodka brands, and began working out some parameters that might indicate which type of vodka is more “smooth”, depending on its chemical properties. Image source: free-extras.com Bourbon versus vodka: Bourbon hurts more the next day, performance is the same More information: Manisha Lalloo, “Vodka’s molecular cocktail,” RSC (May 27, 2010). Available online: www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/New … 010/May/27051001.asp © 2010 PhysOrg.com Citation: Could the Taste of Vodka be Related to Molecular Makeup? (2010, May 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-05-vodka-molecular-makeup.html It seems a little strange to consider this, since vodka is, for the most part, just a mixture of water and ethanol. But, upon analyzing five different brands of vodka, the researchers discovered that there slight differences in molecular structure. RSC offers this on the vodka study:”We observed measurable differences among the brands,” says [Dan] Schaefer. Analysis of the Raman and IR spectra indicated all the solutions contained four components – pure water, pure ethanol, and two hydrates. However the concentration of one of these hydrates, E·5.3H2O, varied between vodkas. “It looks like this can be used as a measure of the physical properties of vodka,” says Schaefer. The taste, suggests the researchers, could be influenced by the way the water molecules create a cage around the hydrate in question. If there are higher amounts of the hydrate, then there are fewer free water molecules, and that could influence the taste of vodka. Of course, reports RSC, not everyone is impressed with the vodka result:Dirk Lachenmeier, head of the alcohol laboratory at the Chemical and Veterinary Investigation Laboratory in Karlsruhe, Germany, thinks the team’s conclusions are conjectural. “There is no basis to push that this might be the holy grail of vodka taste differentiation,” he says. …And, although thought of as a “pure” spirit, Lachenmeier says vodka manufacturers are allowed to slightly influence the taste with different additives such as citric acids.The effort to quantify items that seem purely subjective, like taste, are likely to continue. Schaefer wants to do additional studies to use a parameter to correlate the molecular structure seen in vodka brand preference amongst consumers.last_img read more

Redeyed tree frogs use vibrations as a means of communication

first_img © 2010 PhysOrg.com More information: Vibrational Signaling in the Agonistic Interactions of Red-Eyed Treefrogs, Current Biology, Volume 20, Issue 11, 1012-1017, 20 May 2010 doi:10.1016/j.cub.2010.03.069 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further I am treefrog, feel me shake (w/ Video) (PhysOrg.com) — A study of the Central American red-eyed tree frog has found that the males shake the branches they’re perched on to produce strong vibrations to mark out their territory for mating. Citation: Red-eyed tree frogs use vibrations as a means of communication (2010, June 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-06-red-eyed-tree-frogs-vibrations.html Red-eyed tree frog of Central and South America. Image: Graham P. Oxtoby, via Wikipedia. Researchers from the Adelaide Zoo and Flinders University, Adelaide, led by Dr. Greg Johnston, were studying the role of bright colors in the behavior of frogs in their breeding rituals, when they discovered that the Panamanian rainforest frogs shake the branches they are posing on as part of the ritual, especially if another male is in the vicinity. Johnston said they struck a pose that displayed all their colors and then did what looked to him like “little tantrums,” which produced strong vibrations that traveled through the plants.The researchers chose red-eyed tree frogs (Agalychnis callidryas) to study because they are brilliantly colored with gold and blue stripes on their sides, purple flashes on their thighs, bright orange feet, and green backs, and their eyes are bright red. They used infrared cameras to study the frogs mating at night, and also used a miniature seismograph to confirm the vibrations were really made by the frogs and not by the wind or other natural effects.The team introduced competing males and observed them. They found the two males shook their branches until one of them gave up, or until they fought to decide the victor. Shaking branches was the most frequent display of aggression, and the behavior and vibrational characteristics varied with the size of the male and the degree of conflict.It was clear to the researchers the frogs were using their vibrations to mark out their territory for mating, with the vibrations traveling around 1.5 meters through the tree branches and male frogs spacing themselves around the rainforest pond accordingly.In another experiment the researchers used a robot frog to produce vibrations when male frogs were in the vicinity. Johnston said the male frogs reacted to the robot in the same way as they would with a real male frog.The research adds to the knowledge of how vibrations can be used as another mode of communication among animals. Scientists have known for a long time that animals are sensitive to vibrations but little is known about using them as a communication method. Another study in April’s edition of Nature described how certain caterpillars used vibrations as a form of communication.The results of the research are reported in the June issue of the journal Current Biology.last_img read more

Korean researchers combine algorithm with wireless communication to reduce traffic jams

first_img © 2011 PhysOrg.com Their idea is based on research that has shown that traffic jams occur when (quite obviously) cars are pouring faster into an area of road than the speed at which they are leaving; this results to some extent, the researchers say because of differences in drivers. They say that there are two kinds of drivers on the road. The first are “optimistic” who believe that driving more aggressively will get them to their destination faster. They tend to be the ones to move closer to the vehicle in front of them than is generally deemed safe. The second group, comprised of “defensive” drivers tend to fear the actions of other drivers and as a result tend to put more space between their vehicle and the one they are following. Not surprisingly, the researchers suggest that it’s the optimistic drivers who contribute more to traffic jams because they are the ones that cause the bunching.To build their algorithm, the team used these bits of information. To put an end to a traffic jam, they reason, all that’s needed is for cars that are headed for the jam to slow down and for those that are leaving the jam to speed up. The problem is, people on their own don’t follow these rules. Thus, they suggest that each car be fitted with controls that can force a car to slow down or speed up when deemed necessary, and with wireless technology so that all the cars in the area can “talk” to each other. In such a system, all of the cars on the road could be made to be of the defensive type as well, thus alleviating the original cause of so many jams.In such a real world system, all of the cars and trucks on the road would broadcast their location and speed to all other vehicles in the area. When an onboard control system for an individual vehicle notes that the cars ahead seem to be slowing down for no apparent reason, it would slow the vehicle right away, preventing things ahead from getting worse. If every car heading into the jam did the same, the problem would be reduced. At the same time, those cars on the other side of the jam would be sped up automatically so as to relieve the pressure of the jam. Such a system would not require a central computer controlling everything; each car would react as it should based on the same algorithm in its own individual controller.Realistically, it does appear that such a system would work. The only problem of course would be getting all of the cars on the road fitted with such controls, especially the part where they driver wouldn’t be allowed to override them as is the case with virtually all other automated controls currently being implemented in vehicles. Explore further Citation: Korean researchers combine algorithm with wireless communication to reduce traffic jams (2011, September 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-09-korean-combine-algorithm-wireless-traffic.html (PhysOrg.com) — Hyun Keun Lee and Beom Jun Kim, researchers at the University of Seoul, have developed an idea on how to reduce traffic jams or in some cases prevent them all together. In their paper, published in Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, they suggest outfitting every vehicle on the road with wireless communications, some on-board controls, and the implementation of a simple algorithm.center_img More information: Dissolution of traffic jam via additional local interactions, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 390, Issues 23-24, 1 November 2011, Pages 4555-4561. Preprint available: arxiv.org/abs/1109.2191 AbstractWe use a cellular automata approach to numerically investigate traffic flow patterns on a single lane. The free-flow phase (F), the synchronized phase (S), and the jam phase (J) are observed and the transitions among them are studied as the vehicular density ρ is slowly varied. If ρ is decreased from well inside the J phase, the flux Φ follows the lower branch of the hysteresis loop, implying that the adiabatic decrease of ρ is not an efficient way to put the system back into S or F phases. We propose a simple way to help the system to escape out of J phase, which is based on the local information of the velocities of downstream vehicles.via Arxiv Blog If all drivers were polite, they would get where they’re going faster This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Researchers demonstrate way to shape electron beams in time through interaction with

first_imgPulses of electrons (green, coming from the left) impinge on a micro-structured antenna which is powered by laser-generated terahertz radiation (red). The interaction compresses the duration of the electron pulses to a few femtoseconds. Credit: Christian Hackenberger Attosecond physics: Film in 4-D with ultrashort electron pulses More information: C. Kealhofer et al. All-optical control and metrology of electron pulses, Science (2016). DOI: 10.1126/science.aae0003AbstractShort electron pulses are central to time-resolved atomic-scale diffraction and electron microscopy, streak cameras, and free-electron lasers. We demonstrate phase-space control and characterization of 5-picometer electron pulses using few-cycle terahertz radiation, extending concepts of microwave electron pulse compression and streaking to terahertz frequencies. Optical-field control of electron pulses provides synchronism to laser pulses and offers a temporal resolution that is ultimately limited by the rise-time of the optical fields applied. We used few-cycle waveforms carried at 0.3 terahertz to compress electron pulses by a factor of 12 with a timing stability of <4 femtoseconds (root mean square) and measure them by means of field-induced beam deflection (streaking). Scaling the concept toward multiterahertz control fields holds promise for approaching the electronic time scale in time-resolved electron diffraction and microscopy.Press release Journal information: Science (Phys.org)—A small team of researchers with Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München and the Max-Planck-Institute of Quantum Optics, both in Germany has successfully demonstrated a means for shaping electron beams in time through interactions with terahertz electromagnetic fields. In their paper published in the journal Science, the team describes their technique and why they believe it may lead the way to ultrafast microscopy and diffraction techniques. In a Perspectives piece in the same journal issue, Claus Ropers with the University of Göttingen, describes the benefits of developing faster electron microscopy, outlines the technique used by the researchers with this new effort and offers some insight into where the science is headed. Explore furthercenter_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Researchers demonstrate way to shape electron beams in time through interaction with terahertz electromagnetic fields (2016, April 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-04-electron-interaction-terahertz-electromagnetic-fields.html © 2016 Phys.org There is no doubt that electron microscopy techniques have led to incredible advances in the understanding of matter at the molecular and atomic scale. But such devices could be made even better, Ropers explains, by making them run faster, or ultrafast, i.e. with pulses measured in femtoseconds. This is because there is motion at the atomic scale—using short bursts of electrons to capture the mechanics of such motion would open up a whole new world of discovery. To that end, researchers have developed devices with that goal in mind.To produce short bursts of electrons in traditional devices, a metal surface is illuminated by a laser, causing electrons to be emitted into a vacuum—unfortunately they do not all travel at the same speed, which means they spread apart as they move towards a target—coulomb forces cause even more stretching, which results in problems in time resolution in microscopy devices. To get around this, researchers have tried multiple approaches that rely are various types of devices that manipulate the electron stream. In this new effort, the researchers used optics and terahertz radiation instead.The idea is to cause faster moving electrons to slow down a little bit and slower moving electrons to speed up a little bit, resulting in all of the electrons in a group traveling at the same speed towards a destination. This is achieved with the new technique by having terahertz fields act on the electrons in a microstructure—its bow-tie shape enhances the field in the desired way via tilting. In testing their device, the researchers found that they could measure pulse durations of just 75 fs, a ten times reduction in value over those that were not modified.last_img read more

Guardians protest against sudden fee hike in school

first_imgKolkata: A missionary school situated on AJC Bose Road near Moulali witnessed protests from guardians, over a sudden fee hike on Thursday morning. The agitating guardians also resorted to a roadblock and were also involved in scuffle with the police, who tried to push back the agitators. According to the agitating parents, Lady of Providence Girls’ School has suddenly raised the tuition fees by Rs 200- 300 a month, keeping them completely in the dark. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe guardians had resorted to an agitation on Tuesday, following which the school authorities had consented to sit for a meeting on Wednesday. However, even after the meeting, the school stuck to their stand of increasing fees.The guardians alleged that the school has been raising fees in leaps and bounds since January and it has now gone up to a hike of nearly Rs 200 -300 a month. The police managed to pacify the agitators. However, they threatened to continue their agitation on Friday, unless the school authorities roll back the fee hike.last_img read more

Elderly couple assaulted at home by thieves in Tegharia

first_imgKolkata: An elderly couple was allegedly assaulted by two miscreants when the couple tried to prevent the duo from stealing things at thier residence at Tegharia under Baguiati police station area.According to police sources, two miscreants had somehow managed to enter the house situated in Nandankanan area on Saturday night when they had already gone for sleep.The sexagenarian Alok Ranjan Chakraborty woke up by the noise and he immediately lit the lights of the room. On seeing the two unknown men in their room, he raised alarm and tried to challenge them. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe two miscreants by the fear of getting caught assaulted the elderly man and as his wife Ratna rushed to his rescue, she was also pushed by one of the miscreants. The woman fell down on the ground and sustained injuries on her waist. The miscreants, however, managed to escape.Neighbours came in to their rescue and took the injured couple to a nearby hospital. “Though there was no external injury marks but both of them have sustained serious internal injuries,” a source in the hospital said.The police have taken up the probe on the basis of a written complaint lodged by the couple’s daughter Moumita Chakraborty at Baguiati police station on Sunday afternoon.”The motive behind the case seems to be a previous grudge. We are in the process of identifying the culprits and hope to arrest them soon,” said a senior official of Bidhannagar City Police.last_img read more

Over 65 per cent elderly face neglect in old age Study

first_imgOver two-thirds of elderly people in India say they are neglected by their family members while one third of the elderly claimed to have suffered physical or verbal abuse, with those in urban areas bearing the brunt more than in the rural areas, according to a new study.A study titled Human Rights of Elderly in India: A critical Reflection on Social Development released recently by Agewell Foundation conducted interviews of 5,000 elderly people across India. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The in-depth study aimed at culling out nuances of social changes as it impacts the life conditions and life standards of the elderly in families. Main respondents of the study were old persons above the age of 60 living with their families.“65.2 per cent of elderly respondents claimed that older persons face neglect in old age. Over half i.e. 54.1 per cent respondents said that older persons suffer elder abuse in their families or society. Every fourth elderly, i.e. 25.3 per cent elderly admit that older persons are being exploited by their family members,” the study said. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixIn all, 89.7 per cent respondents out of 2705 respondents facing elder abuse reportedly said elderly face mistreatment in old age mostly due to financial reasons. A total of 96.4 per cent of elderly abused respondents claimed that they face mistreatment due to emotional factors.“Qualitative research methods were used by a group of experienced social scientists of very senior level in the discipline of sociology, social work, psychology and anthropology to understand unique experiences of some of the respondents. The whole focus was interdisciplinary and very holistic,” says the study. Total respondents consist of 2490 older men and 2510 older women. Due to rapid modernisation, spared of materialistic values and breakdown of joint family system, migration of working population and young to urban areas has further adversely affected elderly care, says the study. Among the elderly surveyed 22.2 per cent said a lack of gainful engagement was the most common problem in old age. 21.24 per cent older persons think that declining health status is most common problem while 18 per cent respondents pointed to a lack of respect and dignity. Second in the list of problems cited by the elderly was a declining health status (20.1 per cent) followed by a lack of respect in society and family (19.84 per cent).According to 25 per cent elderly respondents, younger people consider elderly family members as burden on their family. An equal number of elderly (25 per cent) said that generation gap is the main reason behind violation of human rights of older persons.In all, 20 per cent elderly respondents admit that their younger family members are unable to take care of their elderly family members.“A comprehensive care package that includes promotional, preventive, curative and rehabilitative services is essential for this expanding group of population,” says the study.last_img read more

PNB rolls out enterprise payments hub

first_imgPunjab National Bank (PNB), India’s second largest Public Sector Bank and Infosys, a global leader in consulting, technology and next-generation services, have announced that PNB has rolled out Finacle Payments solution across all its 6800 branches and its five sponsored Regional Rural Banks (RRBs). With this implementation, PNB has become the first bank globally to deploy Finacle Payments version 11. The solution provides PNB comprehensive benefits of an enterprise payments hub – enhancing operational efficiencies and ability to deliver superior customer experience through value-added services and tailored payment offerings.  Also Read – I-T issues 17-point checklist to trace unaccounted DeMO cashMD & CEO PNB GauriShankar said: “Payments is possibly the fastest evolving area in the whole gamut of banking. With more and more payment schemes working in time bound manner, there is a need to have a highly scalable payment solution. The Finacle Payments solution brings in a robust, scalable and future-proof platform to support both online and file-based processing with a high degree of Straight Through Processing (STP).”With RTGS facility already implemented through the solution, PNB has planned to extend other payment schemes like NEFT, SWIFT, NACH and IMPS through this platform in a phased manner. The Finacle Payments solution has replaced multiple systems, resolving the challenges related to reconciliation, manual interventions and maintenance across the various legacy systems. The new solution will manage end-to-end payments lifecycle and processes, regardless of originating channels, and back-end applications.  Also Read – Lanka launches ambitious tourism programme to woo Indian touristsIt provides PNB with an enterprise wide engine with multi-product, multi-channel and multi-currency capabilities. This allows PNB to bring down the operational costs and time to compliance, while gaining better control, transparency and visibility across payments life cycle. Also successful implementation of the solution will enable the bank to offer tailored payment services to different customer segments, with relationship based pricing, and personalised rule-based process flows.last_img read more

Heavy traffic snarls continue to ail parts of South Kolkata police issue

first_imgKolkata: Despite relentless efforts by the Kolkata Traffic Police, congestion could not be avoided at any of the roads which were used for diversion following the collapse of a portion of Majerhat Bridge on Tuesday.From September 5, police have arranged several diversions for vehicular movement. But as the roads are much narrower than Diamond Harbour Road, the traffic system has got messed up.Following the situation prevailing in the last two days, Kolkata Traffic Police has issued a new set of vehicular movement notifications for commuters on Friday. Additional forces have also been deployed throughout the city. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeDuring last two days it has been seen that Alipore Road, Bardhaman Road and other linked roads are getting choked with excessive vehicular load. Condition of other diversion roads were almost the same. The stretches which usually take 15-20 minutes to cover are now taking almost one and half hours.Office-goers and students were found suffering greatly, due to the traffic snarls that spread up to Rashbehari Avenue, Tollygunj Circular Road and S P Mukherjee Road Crossing in South Kolkata. Also due to the restriction on the movement of goods vehicles, Vidyasagar Setu also got choked for Kolkata bound traffic. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedObserving the vehicular movement frequency in the last two days, Additional Commissioner of Police (I) Vineet Goyal, who is in charge of traffic management, has issued a new set of route diversions on Friday.According to the plan, all the vehicles coming from Behala have been requested to avail Diamond Harbour Road or Circular Garden Reach Road, following Taratala Road and Hyde Road for Esplanade bound movement.It has also been mentioned that some of the roads in the port area are damaged and concerned agencies have been asked to do the necessary repair work as soon as possible. Following the repair work, the travel time on the roads is expected to improve. During peak hours, all vehicles coming from Budge Budge have been requested to avail Taratala Road, Garden Reach Flyover and Remount Road ramp to reach Mominpur.Several roads has been made one-way for better traffic management. N R Avenue will be used for the East bound vehicular movement from the Mint to New Alipore, while Sahapore Road will cater to the Taratala bound vehicles. According to Goyal, as most vehicles are availing N R Avenue-Durgapur Bridge-Tollygunge to reach Rashbehari, Gariahat and Park Street- Esplanade area, the travel time is increasing.”We found that Taratala Road, West of Brace Bridge, Garden Reach Flyover and Remount Road are relatively less busy. Thus, the travel time is also shorter than the other roads. We strongly advise the people to use these roads to reach North and Central Kolkata,” said Goyal.last_img read more

Mamata stresses on need for preservation of water resources

first_imgKolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Tuesday emphasised the need for preservation of water resources on the occasion of World Water Monitoring Day.Banerjee, in a post on Twitter, said that a number of ponds were either created or renovated over the last seven years under the state-run ‘Jal Dharo-Jal Bharo’ scheme.”Today is World Water Monitoring Day. This year’s theme is ‘Nature for Water’.”Our govt launched the ‘Jal Dharo-Jal Bharo’ scheme in 2011 with the objective of conserving precious water resources.”2,33,158 ponds have been created/renovated in seven years under this scheme,” she said.The scheme was launched in 2011-12 with an aim to preserve water resources by harvesting rain water, as well as arresting run-off of surface water through construction and management of minor irrigation structures.last_img read more

Reasons to use vegan cruelty free products

first_imgMade from natural components, vegan products have minimal effects on your skin. Invest in cruelty free products as they are not tested on animals and are safe from harmful chemicals, say experts. Here are some reasons to opt for cruelty free products: 4Following a vegan beauty regime helps you gain a healthy skin. Vitamins B and Vitamin E regenerates the skin cells making your skin appear more soft and radiant and also enhances the natural radiance of the dull skin. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf4Thick and long hair is all conceivable with vegan products. Natural extracts such as green tea and banana in shampoo, hair scrubs and conditioner helps in eradicating impurities and clearing the scalp, as a result in thicker, longer and stronger hair.4Natural ingredients such as seaweed, tea tree oil, vitamin E, aloe vera, chamomile and vitamin C, adds energising abstract to these vegan products. Camomile, aloe vera, seaweed and tea tree purifies the skin and gives a silky soft feel to the skin and are popular for removing excess oil and impurities. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive4Safe from harmful chemicals, vegan products are safe for skin and hair. Choosing only vegan products will save you from harmful chemicals and cruel cosmetics and lowers the chances of skin problems such as rashes, allergies, eczemas, acne, skin inflammation and other skin diseases.4Vegan beauty products are never tested on animals and therefore are 100 per cent cruelty free. The animals used in experiments are not only kept in small cages and put through inhumane conditions, but they’re also subjected to tests that are cruel.4Vegan products are free from beeswax, collagen, gelatin, honey, carmine, cholesterol and other animal derived ingredients.last_img read more

Saumitra Khan under EC lens for not vacating govt guest house

first_imgKolkata: Saumitra Khan, a former Trinamool Congress leader who is now contesting the Lok Sabha election from Bishnupur (SC) constituency after he joined the saffron brigade in January, has been under the scanner of the Election Commission for not vacating a government guest house. As per the Model Code of Conduct (MCC), nobody can occupy a government guest house following the notification of elections particularly when he/she is contesting the elections. The office of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) may seek a report from the District Election Officer (DEO) of West Burdwan in this regard. The district TMC leaders have recently registered a complaint with the Returning Officer of Durgapur saying that Khan has allegedly been staying in a government-owned guest house and had held a press conference there. In their complaint, the TMC leaders pointed out that Khan has been staying at the guest house in Durgapur flouting the ECI norms. They alleged that a candidate who is contesting the election cannot stay at a government guest house following the notification. After the matter came to light, the Commission has taken cognizance. The election officials will examine the report submitted by the DEO. In another development, the office of the Chief Electoral Officer has sent a report to the ECI regarding the controversial statements made by Sayantan Basu who is contesting the election from Basirhat with a BJP ticket. The CEO office had earlier served a show-cause notice to Basu and sought a video of his derogatory speech. The CEO office is awaiting instructions from the ECI.last_img read more

TMC candidate Prasun Banerjee roughed up by Central Forces

first_imgKolkata: Trinamool Congress candidate from Howrah Prasun Banerjee and his personal assistant Indranil Chatterjee were injured when Central Force jawans lathi-charged on them outside a booth in Howrah’s Baltikuri on Monday.Banerjee who is contesting from Howrah Lok Sabha constituency lodged a complaint against the Central Force jawans at Shibpur police station following the incident. The Election Commission has sought a report from the District Election Officer. Banerjee has received injuries in his hands and shoulder during the incident. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”A report has been sought. We are verifying the complaint against the Central Force jawans. The decision will be taken after a review is conducted,” a senior official of the Election Commission said. It was learnt that Banerjee went to Baltikuri area on Monday morning to inspect the situation. He was talking to some people outside the booth when a heated altercation broke out between Banerjee and a few Central Force personnel following which he was allegedly attacked without any intimation. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateWhen Banerjee’s assistant Indranil came to his rescue, he was also beaten up. The incident triggered a chaos outside the polling booth. Trinamool Congress supporters protested against the high-handedness of the Central Force jawans. Banerjee alleged that they had stopped him when he was trying to enter the booth. The jawans allegedly tore apart his identity card when he showed it to them. A Central Force jawan was seen on television camera alleging that Banerjee was trying to forcibly enter the booth. Trinamool Congress leaders alleged that the Central Force jawans forced the people to cast their votes in favour of BJP in various places including Sankrail. Meanwhile, BJP candidate from Bongaon Santanu Thakur sparked a controversy after he stepped into a polling booth in Thakurnagar to cast his vote with a scarf with the party symbol on it. The Election Commission has served a show-cause notice to the Presiding Officer. A report has been sought from the District Election Officer of North 24-Parganas in this regard.last_img read more

Dilip Ghosh gheraoed after villagers suspect him of carrying cash

first_imgKolkata: People from Egra gheraoed BJP state president Dilip Ghosh after they suspected him of carrying cash in his car that was to be distributed among the voters. The incident caused tension in the area and eventually led to a clash between the Trinamool Congress-BJP activists.Some persons from both the political factions were reportedly injured during the clash. A huge contingent of police rushed to the spot to bring the situation under control. The local residents of Egra said they had specific information that Ghosh was carrying money. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe villagers alleged that he was trying to intimidate the voters by various means. The allegations brought against Ghosh by a section of the people are yet to be verified by the election officials in the district. No such confirmation has come from the Election Commission that can validate the claims of the villagers. Ghosh is contesting the ongoing Lok Sabha polls from Midnapore and is pitted against Trinamool Congress heavyweight Manas Bhunia. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateA police picket has been set up in the area to quell tension that was prevailing in the area till late Saturday evening. In a separate incident, another clash broke out in Moyna area under Tamluk constituency on Saturday morning. As many six persons have been injured. It may be mentioned here that Moyna area has seen sporadic incidents of violence in the past few days with the Trinamool Congress and BJP workers clashing against each other. On earlier occasions as well, people have been injured. There has been a large deployment of the police force since the incident took place on Saturday. The election officials and senior police officers have started a detailed probe regarding both the incidents. They are also looking into the allegation of distribution of cash against Ghosh.last_img read more

Senco brings strong women to the forefront

first_imgSenco Gold & Diamonds, the largest jewellery retail chain from Eastern India, organised a fashion show with a difference. The fbb Colors Femina Miss India East 2019 winners walked down the ramp with the acid attack survivors – Mayna Pramanik and Sunita Dutta at Mega Shop of Senco Gold & Diamonds at Moulali as a gesture of respect and gratitude. The fbb Colors Femina Miss India East 2019 winners took pride in walking the ramp along with them, sporting the latest and exclusive designs of Bangles in Gold, Diamond and Platinum to mark the ongoing Bangle Utsav running currently at all the stores of Senco Gold & Diamonds, to celebrate Akshay Tritiya. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf Mayna and Sunita shared the ramp along with fbb Colours Femina Miss India East 2019 winners including Jyotishmita Baruah (fbb Colors Femina Miss India Assam 2019), Roshni Dada (fbb Colors Femina Miss India Arunachal Pradesh 2019), Shivani Jadhav (fbb Colors Femina Miss India Chhattisgarh 2019), Shreya Shanker (fbb Colors Femina Miss India Bihar 2019), Sushmita Roy (fbb Colors Femina Miss India West Bengal 2019), Chitrapriya Singh (fbb Colors Femina Miss India Jharkhand 2019), to name a few, along with a few customers. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive Acid Attack Survivors Mayna Pramanik and Sunita Dutta shared their real life struggle stories, their fight to encourage audiences to overcome all the hurdles in life. Suvankar Sen, Executive Director, Senco Gold & Diamonds, said: “Our association with Miss India goes back a long way. While it is recognised as one of the first platforms to bring Indian women to the forefront (nationally and worldwide), the annual event also resonates with Senco Gold & Diamonds’ philosophy of empowering women of today and making them independent and confident. It is also an opportunity to share the message with the younger generation that the jewelry we wear is an integral part of the society, history, culture and art. We believe that beauty lies in the mind and heart, and inner beauty lightens the world. On that note we are delighted to host such beautiful divas with heart of gold, who taught us how to fight to overcome hurdles.”last_img read more

Mans palm gets stuck between Metro train doors

first_imgKolkata: A palm of a man who was inside a Metro train coach got caught between the doors on Tuesday, but an alert RPF staff raised an alarm and the train was stopped immediately, preventing any possible injury to him, an official said. The incident, which was reported at 8.47 am at Netaji Bhavan station in a Dum Dum-bound non-AC train, brought back memories of the horrific death of a man after he was dragged by a train as his hand got stuck between its sliding doors on July 13. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata On Tuesday, the man boarded the second coach of the train. Somehow, his palm got caught between the closing doors, Metro spokesperson Indrani Banerjee said. “There was, however, little or no possibility of any mishap since the rest of his body was inside the coach,” Banerjee said, adding the man had himself pulled his fingers in as the train was stopped. An alert RPF constable, on seeing the man’s palm caught between the doors as the train started moving out of Netaji Bhavan station, raised an alarm and the motorman immediately stopped the train, she said. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state “Only one coach and half of the second coach of the train had left the platform. The rest seven coaches were still within the platform area when the train was stopped,” the spokesperson said. The man was not penalised since the train left immediately after the incident with him inside the coach, she said. After the July 13 accident, the Metro authorities have decided to penalise anyone trying to stop a train by protruding any of his limbs or other objects between the closing doors. Door sensors prevent a train from moving if any of its doors are not closed properly. A Commissioner of Railway Safety (CRS) inquiry is being held into the accident that claimed the life of Sajal Kanjilal. Questions have been raised as to whether the door sensors did not work since one of Kanjilal’s hands got stuck between the doors, but the train had started moving despite that. The July 13 accident took place in a newly-inducted rake made by the Integral Coach Factory, Perumbur.last_img read more

The Three Terrifying Cages on a Church Spire Where Rebels Once Rotted

first_imgThe German city of Münster in the province of North Rhine-Westphalia, today a peaceful university town, was the focus of a turbulent chapter in history, namely the brutal Anabaptist rebellion. St. Lamberti Church, located on the Prinzipalmarkt, is adorned with a rather strange set of ornaments.St. Lamberti Church in Munster, Germany.For almost 500 years, three man-sized iron cages have been left hanging from the church spire as a reminder of the disobedience of the 16th century rebels.The cages that once held the mutilated and tortured bodies of three rebel leaders now hang empty, still provoking debate among the citizens, not all of whom agree that this symbol of torture should be displayed in their town.Cages of the leaders of the Münster Rebellion at the steeple of St. Lambert’s Church. Photo by Rüdiger Wölk CC BY-SA 2.5In 1530, Münster was a town divided between Catholic aristocracy and the disenfranchised peasants, poor and reformist.At the head of the later was Bernhard Rothman, an evangelical Protestant who had drawn a large following among the angry citizens of the town who had felt that their rights were not respected.Historical drawing of the execution of the leaders of the rebellion. In the background the cages are already in place on the old steeple of St. Lambert’s Church.The rising numbers of rebels threatened the position of the Catholic Church and its hegemony. That alarmed the prince-bishop, Franz von Waldeck, who tried to expel the reformists and their leader from the town.However, under the pressure of Rothman’s followers, the city council did not allow for it. On February 14, 1533, the council of Münster granted the religious freedom to all groups in the town.German Historical Museum, Berlin. Pamphlet ‘The Kingdom of Munster’ about the torture and execution of the leaders of the Anabaptist rebellion, 1536. Photo by Wolfgang Sauber CC BY SA 3.0Jan Matthijs, an Anabaptist preacher from Leiden in the Netherlands, figured this treaty of religious tolerance would make Münster the perfect place for him to establish his reformist utopia.The Anabaptist sect, or “rebaptizers” were widely persecuted for their belief that only willing baptism as an adult would allow a person to enter the kingdom of heaven. Their children were thus not baptized, a concept that was feared and even viewed as heretical by many.One of the central tenets of Anabaptism that Jan upheld was social equality. Alongside his idea to ban private property and money and establish a sort of pure communism was another controversial belief that did not sit well with the pious Catholics and Lutheran Protestants. Allegedly, Jan of Leiden was a proponent of polygamy.Jan MatthysHowever, on arriving in Münster, Jan of Leiden and his followers were welcomed by Rothman, who embraced their radical ideals.It did not take long for Jan to style himself as king of what soon became known as the “New Jerusalem,” preaching that the Second Coming of Jesus Christ would happen that coming Easter and leading a rebellion against Catholic rule. The city council was taken over by fanatical Anabaptist believers.The executed dead bodies of the Anabaptists Jan van Leiden, Bernd Knipperdollink and Bernd Knechting were placed in the iron cages following the religious rebellion in the 16th century. Münster, Westfalen, Germany.In a rapid turnaround of the status quo, Jan’s rousing calls to execute those who refused to be rebaptized led to many Catholics and Lutherans fleeing the city, as a flood of Anabaptists moved in. The rebels burned all books apart from the bible, and, according to The Local de, forced all women of marrying age to take a husband — Jan himself had 16 wives. Corporal punishment was meted out freely for trivial offences against the new hierarchy.In a bid to put an end to this anarchistic religious fervor and regain Catholic control over Münster, Bishop von Waldeck gathered a mercenary army and laid siege to the city.Jan van Leiden baptizing a girl during the Münster Rebellion by Johann Karl Ulrich Bähr, 1840.The city was finally broken on the night of June 25, 1535. Aided by a captured Anabaptist deserter, von Waldeck’s army entered through the main gate and recaptured Münster. Jan of Leiden and his two closest followers, Bernd Knipperdollink and Bernd Knechting, were imprisoned and tortured using various techniques.Cages of the Anabaptists at the Tower of St. Lamberti Church, Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Photo by Dietmar Rabich CC BY-SA 4.0They were repeatedly burned with hot tongs before being killed. As reported by German Girl in America “the Spanish Inquisition learned from and used these German Torture techniques.”After the prisoners were killed, van Waldeck had the three iron cages made in order to display the mutilated bodies as a warning to any other would-be rebels. Their remains were left dangling from the tower for 50 years.The bodies were a feast for ravens who frequented them on regular basis. According to Mental Floss, this scene prompted artists to draw numerous pictures and paintings of it.St. Lamberti Church, Muenster, Germany.After the bodies were removed, the cages were left on the spire. In 1800 the original tower was demolished and rebuilt — and the cages were put back in the place.During World War II, Münster was a target for British bombing raids. St. Lamberti Church received a direct hit that caused the cages to come crashing down. Four years later the church was rebuilt, and the repaired cages put back in their original place.St. Lamberti Church, Muenster, Germany.The cages were and still are a topic of debate on religious tolerance, as they are seen as a symbol of tyranny and aggression.In 1987, the church installed light bulbs, serving as a replacement for candles, which burn from dusk till dawn “in memory of their departed souls.”St. Lamberti Church in Münster is interesting because of an additional and unrelated reason. It is the only church in Münster to have a Türmerin, or door-watcher. The solitary post is currently held by Martje Saljé, Münster’s first female Türmerin.Read another story from us: The Mysteries and Ghosts Surrounding Ireland’s Most Haunted CastleHer role is to ring the church bells and watch over the town from this high point. Additionally, she lives in the tower.last_img read more

Dazzling Color Photos of the Legendary Romanov Costume Ball of 1903

first_imgIn February 1903, the members of the Romanov dynasty and the cream of the Russian aristocracy gathered for a fancy-dress costume ball, one that in its sheer opulence was nearly blinding. Outside the Winter Palace, the social pressures that would hurl the country into revolution were intensifying, but 14 years before the forced abdication of Czar Nicolas II, the society of St. Petersburg put on quite a show, dubbed by many Europe’s “last great royal ball”. The 1903 costume ball was dedicated to the 290th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty, which was at the time one of Europe’s oldest ruling families and almost certainly the one with the most absolutist powers. Russian artist Olga Shirnina has brought this ball to life with some amazing colorized images.Tsar Nicholas II. Colorization by Olga Shirnina.A party given on February 11, 1903, in the Winter Palace was followed two days later by a grandiose fancy dress ball. Called “The 1903 Ball,” it remains the most celebrated festivity arranged in St. Petersburg during the reign of Nicholas II, the last Romanov.AdChoices广告inRead invented by TeadsThe Tsar’s wife Empress Alexandra Feodorovna Romanov. Colorization by Olga ShirninaThe Imperial couple Tsar Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra. Colorization by Olga ShirninaThe nearly 400 guests arrived in bejeweled 17th-century style costumes, created from designs by artist Sergey Solomko, after consulting closely with historical experts. Court ladies wore dresses embroidered with precious stones and kokoshniks (head-dresses) adorned with the finest family jewels, while the men donned richly decorated caftans and boyar-style fur hats. For the Romanov costume ball, guests took 38 original royal items of the 17th century from the Armory in Moscow to use in this 1903 extravaganza.Famed aristocrat Zinaida Yusupov. Colorization by Olga ShirninaGrand Duchess Ksenia Alexandrovna. Colorization by Olga ShirninaMadamoiselle Anastasiya Korsakova. Colorization by Olga ShirninaMademoiselle Alexandra Taneeva. Colorization by Olga ShirninaNicholas himself was robed in the gold brocade of 17th-century Russian tsar Alexey Mikhailovich, and his wife, Alexandra, wore the raiments of the first wife of Alexey Mikhailovich, Empress Maria Ilinichna. The 20th-century czarina was born in the German royal family of Hesse, and she was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria.Cornette Kolioubakine. Colorization by Olga ShirninaThe Czarina’s dress of brocade, decorated with silver satin and pearls topped by a diamond and emerald-studded crown. She also wore a huge emerald. All the jewelry was chosen by court jeweler Carl Faberge. It is estimated that today this dress would cost approximately 10 million euros.Princess Olga Orlova. Colorization by Olga ShirninaBaroness Emma Freedericksz. Colorization by Olga ShirninaPrincess Kudasheva. Colorization by Olga ShirninaNicholas and Alexandra had been married nine years at the time of the ball and were the parents of four girls: Olga, Tatiana, Marie, and Anastasia. The year after the fancy dress ball Alexandra gave birth to a son, Alexei, but he had hemophilia, a genetic disease that was painful and difficult to treat and which his distraught parents tried to hide.The Countess Fersen, born Princess Dolgoruky. Colorization by Olga ShirninaPrincess Elisabeth Obolensky. Colorization by Olga ShirninaMaid of honor, Princess E.V. Baryatinskaya. Colorization by Olga ShirninaAlthough dozens of Romanovs gathered at the ball to dance and celebrate, Alexandra was not popular with her husband’s family at the time, and the Russian dislike of her would intensify through the next decade and more. She did not fit into St. Petersburg high society.Madame Tatischeva. Colorization by Olga ShirninaCountess Elisabeth Moussine-Pushkina. Colorization by Olga ShirninaCountess Keller, born Princesse Schakhovskoy. Colorization by Olga ShirninaRobert K. Massie, in his award-winning book Nicholas and Alexandra, described the St. Petersburg of the turn of the century: “It was the center of all that was advanced, all that was smart and much that was cynical in Russian life. Its great opera and ballet companies, its symphonies and chamber orchestras played the music of Glinka, Rimsky-Korsakov, Borodin, Mussorgsky, and Tschaikovsky; its citizens read Pushkin, Gogol, Dostoyevsky, Turgenev, and Tolstoy. But society spoke French, not Russian, and the best clothing and furniture were ordered from Paris…The ‘season’ in St. Petersburg began on New Year’s Day and lasted until the beginning of Lent.”Colonel Alexander Hall.Captain of the Imperial Guard.Grand Duke Mikhail Nicholaevich.Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovitch.Prince and Princess Sherbatov.Colonel Bernov.Group photo of the Costume Ball of 1903.In the vast countryside, however, could be found poverty and political repression. “While we were dancing,” later recalled Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich, brother-in-law of Czar Nicholas, “workers’ strikes were happening in St. Petersburg, and clouds were gathering over the Russian Far East.” The Grand Duke Alexander, called “Sandro,” fled to Crimea with his family after the Russian Revolution; they were rescued by the British battleship HMS Marlborough in 1919.Related Photo Article: Ancient Ukrainian Headdresses are Making a Stunning ComebackCzar Nicholas and his family were unable to escape. After months of imprisonment, the entire family met their end in the basement of a house in Ekaterinburg on July 17, 1918.Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, and InStyle, has written a trilogy of historical thrillers for Touchstone Books. Her new book, The Blue, is a spy story set in the 18th-century porcelain world. For more information, go to www.nancybilyeau.comlast_img read more

If college football doesnt need a preseason why does the NFL

first_imgColin Says:The Lakers problem is you can’t transfer passion to your kids.Adrian Peterson shouldn’t take one carry in the preseason.If Kevin Durant goes to the Warriors, Draymond Green will be a nightmare.Why LeBron James saved Dwyane Wade from being irrelevant.Guests: Jimmy Butler – Chicago Bulls shooting guard joins the show to give his reaction to the Derrick Rose trade, his role with the Bulls going forward, and the team’s expectations for the upcoming season.Greg Olsen – Carolina Panthers tight end talks about the Panthers run to the Super Bowl, playing with injuries, and playing with Cam Newton.Kevin Ding – Senior NBA writer for Bleacher Report discusses his article exposing the Lakers management problems, and what the future holds for the front office.last_img read more