World records Dibaba and Wlodarczyk both set world records – three minutes 50.07 seconds for the 1500 and 81.08 metres for the hammer throw, respectively – before their wins at the World Championships. The Track and Field News panel could only separate them by three points, 312 to 309. In fact, 17 members of the panel felt that the Pole was number one compared to 16 who voted for Dibaba. Holland’s Dafne Schippers finished third with Jamaica’s 100-metre World champion, Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, appearing at number six. Bolt and Fraser-Pryce were voted as the year’s top performers in the men’s 200 metres and the women’s 100m, respectively. American Justin Gatlin, and not Bolt, is the magazine’s number one in the 100 metres. Details aren’t available yet on the website, but in its 2014 Annual World Rankings issue, Track and Field said: “As important as major meets are, we should also note that no competition, not even the Olympic Games, is the be-all, end-all. We’re looking for people who maintain high standards over a whole year.” Restricted by injuries, Bolt did the 100 metres in only three 2015 athletics meetings, with clockings of 10.12, 9.87 and 9.79 seconds, respectively. The latter time pipped Gatlin in the World Championships. That was the American’s only loss of a seven-meet season that yielded times of 9.74, the fastest in 2015, 9.75 twice, 9.77, 9.78, 9.80 behind Bolt at the Worlds and 9.98 seconds. Gatlin isn’t the only athlete to top the rankings in an individual event despite losing at the World Championships. Others include Mutaz Essa Barshim of Qatar, who was fourth in the high jump at the Worlds, French pole vault star Renaud Lavillenie, Kenyan Eunice Sum in the 800 metres, Croatian discus thrower Sandra Perkovic and American Dawn Harper-Nelson, who fell in the semis of the 100-metre hurdles. The respected United States publication, Track and Field News, has named American Ashton Eaton and Genzebe Dibaba of Ethiopia as its Athletes of the Year for 2015. Despite contesting just one decathlon for the entire season, Eaton won the bulk of the votes from a 36-member international panel to emerge ahead of triple jumper Christian Taylor and Jamaican sprinter supreme Usain Bolt. It was far closer among the women, with Dibaba edging Poland’s Anita Wlodarczyk, the 2014 Athlete of the Year. According to a notification appearing on the magazine’s Internet site, Eaton’s world record performance – 9,045 points – at the World Championships tipped the voting his way. In fact, it was voted the Performance of the Year. The magazine’s website notes that two members of the panel objected to the season on the grounds that Eaton’s single decathlon did not ‘constitute a full season’.
Dear Editor,The confusion that has emerged regarding the appointment of a new Board of the Guyana Sugar Corporation (GuySuCo) has brought, once again, to the fore what could only be described as the Administration’s shifting goalpost approach to the sugar industry. It can well be argued that the coalition Government’s approach to many pressing matters of national importance is also incoherent and our policymakers are reactive rather than being proactive.While I will refrain from commenting on the individuals supposedly named, though I have reservations, the bungling mess that has ensued is sadly symptomatic of our Administration. When one looks at the Administration’s changing positions regarding sugar, it is not difficult to reach such conclusions.Recall, the sugar Commission of Inquiry (CoI). The A Partnership for National Unity/Alliance For Change (APNU/AFC) manifesto said the “APNU/AFC will convene a commission of inquiry into the operations of the Guyana Sugar Corporation… [to] review, analyse and recommend the way forward for the Guyana sugar industry, including options for infusing critical investments and the optimum utilisation of its valuable capital infrastructure”. The Government on appointing that Commission of Inquiry said in a [Government Information Agency] GINA report of June 26, 2015 that “…the 11-member Commission…will develop a 15-year plan which is expected to bring the industry back to profitability to ensure long-term environmental and economic sustainability.” Then who can forget Prime Minister Moses Nagamootoo saying at the National Cane Farmers Conference, according to the August 15, 2015 Kaieteur News, that “…there was no question of Government scaling down or abandoning the industry”.After all of that and in spite the sugar commission saying no estate should be closed, the Government decided to close Wales Estate and President David Granger, in the January 26, 2016 sections of the media reported, “The CoI is not gospel”. Though from the previous statements, in the pre and post May, 2015 election, rationally one could conclude that the CoI would guide the Administration’s approach to sugar. The President went further, saying “arrangements are going to be made over the next 11 months to ensure that the workers don’t get hurt, that they can be reemployed”. Well, we all know how that turned out and today the Wales workers, the cane farmers and their dependents have been hurt and remain jobless.Then after all that, President Granger, in the February 5, 2016, in another section of the media saying “…it’s unlikely that (closure of another estate) is contemplated”. But just months after, the Government announced that Skeldon was to be sold and Rose Hall and Enmore closed. The President also reportedly said “…the CoI report would be discussed in the National Assembly, after which there would be a national consultation on the state of the sugar industry”. Again, time has shown that the President’s undertaking was unfulfilled. It should not be forgotten that the Government earlier this year voted against a motion which called for the sugar CoI report to be discussed by the Economic Services Committee. And, there was no national consultation as the President committed would be done. In fact, the sugar unions in spite of their efforts have contended that their engagements with the Administration remained wanting.Now the Government, in an about-turn of sorts, has decided to divest Rose Hall and Enmore rather than close those estates and move into diversification activities as it initially decided. Nevertheless, nearly 5000 workers have been sent home and entire communities are now finding themselves in troubled waters. Furthermore, the diversification activities at Wales, it appears, have been shelved after millions of dollars were spent and hundreds of man and machine hours expended. And we are now told that $30 billion is required for GuySuCo over the next four years.When one looks at the totality of the Government’s confused, disjointed and not well-thought-out adventure in the sugar industry one reaches the sad conclusion that the Government was not and is not serious about the sugar industry and the people who depend on it for their livelihoods. The ‘seat of your pants’ decision-making as we have seen playing out cannot be the modus operandi of any Government especially when the implications are so terrible. As the APNU/AFC said during the 2015 campaign “IT IS TIME” that our leaders stop jetting off to exotic lands and take time to work in the interest of the people and our country.Yours faithfully,Patricia Persaud
Kelly Hyles, the 17-year-old Guyanese girl who was accepted into 21 colleges across the United States of America, including eight Ivy League universities, on Thursday met with President David Granger at his Georgetown office.A Ministry of the Presidency (MoTP) statement said that President Granger congratulated the young scholar, referring to her as a product of Guyanese society and a citizen of whom the nation is proud.“Everything I do, everything the Cabinet and the Government does is so that our young people can have a bright future… This country can only be developed [with] intelligent and educated persons like you. We are happy and encouraged by your achievements,” President Granger said.The teenager was accompanied by her mother, Anetta Earl; her aunt, Shaundelle Inniss-Munroe; her uncle, Kenneth Earl and social activist Mark Benschop, while the President was accompanied by Minister of State, Joseph Harmon.Hyles and her mother arrived in Guyana on Sunday evening to be part of the 50th Independence Anniversary celebrations on May 26, the same day she would be celebrating her 18th birthday.Hyles was accepted into some of the most distinguished tertiary institutions in the US, including Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Dartmouth, Cornell, Brown, Columbia and the University of Pennsylvania, and has decided on Harvard, where she will be pursuing studies in either bio-chemistry or neuroscience.Hyles migrated to the USA to live with her mother in 2009 at the age of 11.President David Granger in conversation with Kelly Hyles
Budget 2018 debate…says Govt takes no ownership of its illsA former Government Minister has claimed that there is sufficient evidence of intellectual impotence on the part of the Government to implement policies that will benefit Guyanese from all walks of life.Former Public Service Minister Jennifer WestfordOpposition Member of Parliament (MP), Dr Jenifer Westford believes that the Government is lost and cannot steer Guyana on the path of economic growth and development.She was speaking against the backdrop of Budget 2018 and what she described as ineffective policies, during the debate which commenced on Monday in the National Assembly.“The national ship is rudderless and it is without a captain who knows how to steer the ship out of the stormy weather conditions. He knows how to fly to many countries, but he cannot steer the ship. The ship of State is lost at sea because the captain and the sailors are also lost,” she posited.Westford said if one were to look at the contributions being made by MPs on the Government side of the House, one would come to realise that there is dearth, no statement of policy and no direction.“It’s only a repetition and rehash of what was there in the last year’s budget,” she added.The MP argued that it was a fact that confidence was a variable that was challenging to measure, but noted that they should at least by now understand that it was incumbent on the Government to create an environment in which confidence was optimal – it was not a favour, but a duty.“It follows, therefore, that confidence is also tied to the Government, not only as a result of its fiscal policies, but also as a result of the execution of its overall governance of the country,” she asserted.But she did not stop there. Dr Westford went on to state that the general view was that Government would never be able to raise the necessary level of confidence required to propel the economy and the country as a whole. This, she believes, is as a result of its stubbornness to deny its campaign promises.Although congratulating Finance Minister Winston Jordan and his team for facilitating the presentation of the fourth budget to the House, the Opposition MP said the promise of “restoring hope and inspiring confidence” was far from becoming a reality because the lives of many Guyanese have been affected.She claimed, “The working poor have become poorer and the middle class is becoming poorer, because they are being placed under severe pressure. The only people living the good life, Mr Speaker, are the Hon Members on the other side of this House (Government).”In fact, the former Public Service Minister told the House that the real middle class were the ones who were subject to the higher prices. She said they were the ones who were subject to the higher interest rate on mortgages and they were the ones whose disposable incomes were being depleted on a daily basis.Really ‘deh bad’Further, the Opposition MP argued that the coalition Government did not have the moral fortitude to engender the level of confidence that was necessary to move the economy and the country forward.“They are steadfastly and myopically concerned with their ship of partners. Yes, Mr Speaker, they are concerned only with the APNU/AFC partnership. As we say in Guyanese parlance, the economy really ‘deh bad’. But as is usual with this Government, the Finance Minister tried to blame the previous Administration by suggesting that failing investments from years ago was now causing growth reduction.”Westford also stated that the Government took no ownership of its ills. “If they could get away with it, they would blame the PPP/C for their legacy of missteps, misprints, mistakes, mishandling, miseries of all kinds, misconduct and their constipation. But, Mr Speaker, we will never allow the Government smoke and mirrors response to issues to go unchecked,” she further added.Although Government had promised to move speedily to enact comprehensive procurement legislation and even though the Public Procurement Commission (PPC) was installed, hundreds of millions of dollars of contracts have been hurriedly and improperly awarded in the State enterprise sector under ministerial instructions using the pretence of some non-existent competitive processes.Shifting her attention to crime and security, the Opposition MP said this area held major challenges for the entire nation. She said Guyanese have noted the bold assertion that since the coalition Government assumed office, there was a decline in reported serious crimes by about 23 per cent. They also spoke of plans to further reduce this figure in 2018, but failed to say that many Guyanese continued to live in fear.“This, according to the Minister (Khemraj Ramjattan), is to be achieved by an administration of strong law enforcement, social intervention and strengthening of the criminal justice system. Just as the concept of confidence is a critical factor in the promotion of business or economic activity and to grow the economy, confidence in the administration of justice, particularly criminal justice, is equally critical.”The former Minister believes that confidence in the criminal justice system and law enforcement is at its lowest as a result of the current Government. However, she said her Party, the People’s Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C), will continue to monitor the Government very closely to ensure that it promoted protection and safety for citizens under an independent judiciary and Commissioner of Police.
He leaned over the front of the VIP box from where he was watching with friends and made an obscene gesture after Marcos Rojo scored a late winner.“I want to tell everyone that I am fine, that I am not and was not hospitalised,” the 57-year-old wrote on Instagram on Wednesday.A video emerged showing the 1986 World Cup winner looking dazed.He walked with difficulty and was guided into the dining room of the VIP section by two friends before sitting down in a chair.“At half-time against Nigeria, my neck hurt a lot and I suffered a drop in my blood pressure,” he said.“I was checked by a doctor and he recommended that I go home before the second half, but I wanted to stay because we were risking it all,” he wrote.“How could I leave?”A medical source told Russia’s RIA Novosti state news agency that paramedics checked Maradona’s blood pressure but that the star refused all other assistance.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Argentina legend Diego Maradona says he is feeling fine after suffering a drop in blood pressure during his country’s win over Nigeria © AFP / Giuseppe CACACEMOSCOW, Russian Federation, Jun 27 – Diego Maradona says he is fine after sparking a health scare following Argentina’s dramatic late win against Nigeria that saw them progress to the last 16 of the World Cup.Maradona had been visibly emotional during the match in Saint Petersburg, which Argentina had to win to stay in the tournament.
Arsenal v Chelsea quiz 1 Arsenal v Chelsea is one of the biggest games in the Premier League and this weekend’s meeting has plenty of permutations.A win for the visitors would put them just three points way from clinching the 2014/15 title.With Cesc Fabregas returning to his old club, a Chelsea victory would also rub salt into the wounds of Gooners who can’t get over seeing their old favourite in a blue shirt.Meanwhile, the Gunners are on a run of eight consecutive Premier League wins and another would give them the momentum and confidence to believe that, even if they are too far behind to catch Chelsea this season, next year could be a different story.And Arsene Wenger is aiming to secure his first ever win against one of Jose Mourinho’s teams.Which brings us to our Arsenal v Chelsea quiz. See how much you know about this London rivalry by answering the 10 questions here…About | Privacy | Terms
QPR midfielder Sandro should be able to resurrect his career in England with a new work permit finally in sight.The Brazilian midfielder missed the club’s crucial run-in at the end of last season that ultimately ended with relegation down to the Championship.The former Spurs man was withdrawn from action on advice from the British Home Office after an issue with paperwork was revealed.Rangers paid Spurs 8m for the powerhouse last summer, despite his reoccurring knee problems, and it might not be lost after a bureaucratic breakthrough.A club statement read: “The club has resolved the matter with the Home Office and Sandro will reapply for a new work permit once clearance has been given by the football authorities.” Sandro in action for QPR 1
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBasketball roundup: Sierra Canyon, Birmingham set to face off in tournament quarterfinals160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! THE America I had known was through books and what Hollywood portrays in movies and magazines. My knowledge of it was largely through what they call the land of plenty, freedom, peace and justice. Which is why I could only dream of it by getting lost into music, literature and stories told to me by friends who live and lived there before. All my life, I envisaged to set my foot on American soil. This dream turned a reality not too long ago. One sunny Monday afternoon, I picked up a call from the American Centre in Lusaka, Zambia. The message was loud and clear: I was heading for America. I was convinced that my nightmares were not just a fantasy or fallacy after all. From Lusaka, I went to Johannesburg, then to Atlanta, Ga., before switching to a domestic flight Delta Airlines to get to Washington, D.C. On my flight to Atlanta, I sat next to an American named Clint who was eager to learn about my country. He had just returned from Swaziland, where he had gone to embark on an orphanage project. My interaction with Clint gave me a hint to know how Americans look at life. He told me about his family and the fact that he had a son who likes to hang around a golf pitch. He also told me that he had a beautiful grandchild and good wife somewhere in a California valley, where he is a commercial farmer, growing peanuts. He told me everything about himself even though I did not ask him to. I admired his freedom and courage to talk to a stranger like me. I did not open up quite the same. I was a bit reserved, perhaps largely because I grew up in a society where feelings are concealed a communal society where the community takes center stage and not individuals. For Americans, what you see is what you get. If an American loves you, you know it. If an American is mad at you, you know it still. Americans are generally affirmative people and empowering, too. In America, you get affirmation at home and not on the streets. So you grow up believing you can reach the unreachable, touch the invisible, dream the impossible, and so forth. Back in Zambia, feelings are not quite the same. After a 17-hour-long flight, our plane landed at Hartsfield airport the world’s busiest airport. That morning, I knew I was in a different world altogether. So I needed to cope up. Thank heaven, Clint was there to guide me. He helped me through the complex Hartsfield airport. I never will forget his kindness. I parted with Clint after I met a colleague from Botswana who was also going for the same inaugural Edward Murrow Leadership Program for journalists. My stay in Washington revealed something to me about the nature of America and Americans: Americans naturally love freedom of speech. They believe issues, however offensive they are, should be argued and debated in what they call “the marketplace of ideas.” For example, I found a group of youths at Capitol Hill and the White House carrying placards protesting against circumcision of infants. From Washington, I headed for Los Angeles. L.A. is humid and desert-like. It is predominantly Hispanic and home to Hollywood. It is a lot faster in terms of lifestyle plenty of cars, ring highways, skyscrapers. You have to be affluent to live in Los Angeles. While in L.A., I had a chance to spend a day in Hollywood. Being at Universal Studios was fascinating. It is a place where fairy tales are meant to look like reality. It is amazing how they play with graphic images to toy the human mind. I remember rocking on a still car that felt as though it was travelling at 200km/h. Hollywood can make you look like a foolish dreamer trying to build a highway to the sky. There are no idle moments there! After a week in Los Angeles, the next stop was Atlanta, a diverse city with a pretty laid-back lifestyle compared to other parts in the United States. While flying in the skies of Georgia, I wanted to see the red hills of Georgia, which slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. referred to in his all-time “I have a dream” speech. It is amazing how accents vary in the United States. The locals in Atlanta have that Southern accent (slow but sure). People in Washington and other parts in the north are rather faster in their speech. After a week in Atlanta, I left for Washington, to link up with over 120 Edward Murrow fellows from all over the world. There, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice addressed us. We also had an opportunity to ask her questions. Ultimately, America, like any other country, is not perfect. It has its own problems and challenges, too. Challenges of immigration and homelessness in places like Los Angeles and Washington are indeed a big issue. America is a superpower, but there are also poor people there. This I don’t have to be told because I was there in person not too long ago and saw things for myself. Such is life and the biblical teachings: “The poor will always be with you” is also considered to be true to Americans. Where there is plenty, some people still go hungry. It is a paradox of life. While in Zambia many are dying to gain weight, in America people are dying to lose weight. Every now and so often, adverts on television are run, giving advice on how best to lose weight. In all, America is a great robust society. A society where a nobody could be a somebody. It is all part of the American dream, rooted in a philosophy of liberty, opportunity and trust in God. A visit to America surely shows that it is not only a land of plenty, but a true home of the proud and free. It is for this reason that some people believe that they can make it in life given an opportunity to start their life all over again in America. It is important to note that what makes Americans different from the rest of the people in the world is confidence in their abilities to achieve greater things this, I am not ashamed to copy from them. Gethsemane Mwizabi writes for The Times of Zambia, which is government-owned and among the most widely read newspapers in Zambia.
Speaking at the unveiling, he said: “We will try and win everything. I just want to thank everyone, I feel like part of the Real family.“Yesterday, after the death of my mother, was the saddest of my life, but today is the happiest day of my life.”He was not a favourite to replace Zinedine Zidane, who shocked the football world by resigning after winning three Champions League titles in a row. Jolen Lopetegui described today as the happiest day of his life as he was officially unveiled as the new manager of Real Madrid, but yesterday was undoubtedly one of the saddest as he was sacked by Spain just days before their World Cup opener.Lopetegui agreed to take over at the Bernabeu when his work with Spain was finished, but the Spanish FA dismissed him despite their upcoming group game against Portugal on Friday night. Lopetegui had been hoping to take over at Madrid after managing Spain at the World Cup Madrid’s president did not hold back in his statement “We wanted to make it transparent and clear to prevent leaks that could damage Spain during the World Cup. This agreement seemed all normal, but then it was a reaction of pride from the FA president which has disrespected Real Madrid.“There have been cases, Conte, van Gaal, who have agreed to move on from national teams before or during a competition. Real are proud to have been able to help the success of the national team, and it is important that we remain the most respected club in the world and work against those who seek to destroy our image. I do not want to play the victim, but we must combat this anti-Madrid feeling during one of the best moments in our history.“We are hugely surprised and cannot understand how this agreement could affect the players who are committed to being world champions again. These are professional players, this agreement would not hurt them, there is nothing that does not justify Lopetegui being on the Spain bench tomorrow.“We are sorry he could not fight to make Spain world champions, but we have the satisfaction of having a great manager to make history again. This is a huge challenge not many get to face, I want to thank you Julen, and welcome you to your home.” Lopetegui said it was the happiest day of his life Madrid president Florentino Perez also spoke at the event, and he launched an extraordinary public attack on the Spanish FA.Read his remarkable statement in full below:“We wanted to have this act after the World Cup, a successful World Cup for our national team. However circumstances mean we are here now, and we are delighted to welcome the new manager of our team.“I know for you, Julen, today is a day of a lot of feelings, strange feelings, as you wanted to be world champion, you wanted to make Spain champion of the world and then be manager of your dear Real Madrid.“Inevitably there will be some comments about what has happened, but Real and Julen made an agreement to work together after the World Cup, respecting his contract. We wanted to do it before the World Cup to make it transparent and avoid rumours.“There is no precedent that a manager agrees to become manager of a team after a competition and that agreement has been interpreted as disloyal. If you think it is, well, that is not how we do things in modern Spain. It is not true at all. 3 3 3
Natural Building In NicaraguaTales From ArmeniaAlternative WallsStraw-Bale WallsA Santa Fe Adobe Gets a Modern AdditionA Straw-Bale Home in VermontEarthship Hype and Earthship RealityBuilding a Foam-Free HousePreserving the Green in Britain’s Ancient HousesThe Natural Building MovementGBA Product Guide: Earthen Unit Masonry From the beginning of time, the most common building materials have been the most common materials in the immediate environment. This of course means that early buildings were built of dirt, a material that is plentiful, cheap, and malleable.Many of the oldest buildings in the world are made of rammed earth (compacted dirt). And this type of building continues to be a common and viable construction methodology in many places of the world.I recently had the honor and pleasure of traveling to Bhutan as part of a delegation with the Karuna Foundation, and on this trip I saw many examples, old and new, of rammed earth structures. Interestingly, there are some direct building science connections between the success of rammed earth buildings and of the high performance building assemblies that we employ as part of our Passive House projects here in Portland and Seattle. RELATED ARTICLES Sam Hagerman is the co-founder of Hammer & Hand, an architectural and building company with offices in Oregon and Washington. This post was originally published at the Hammer & Hand website as part of its Field Notes series. Additional passive building strategiesRammed earth is a common material in buildings in Bhutan, and it’s one of a set of passive strategies that showcase a powerful marriage of form and function employed in traditional Bhutanese buildings, as seen in this photo of a ruin of a traditional home (see Image #2, below).You’ll notice three distinct levels to this house, each playing a role in the annual cycle of family life and each taking advantage of passive energy strategies. The first level, with the stacked stone walls, is used to house the animals, with piles of straw (needles from the Bhutan pine) for bedding.The body heat of the animals and of the composting straw and manure creates warmth that rises up into the living quarters on the second level. That second level is built out of a thick rammed earth assembly which helps moderate heat loss. And on the third floor, in the attic, straw is stored in the fall to create a very thick layer, providing a layer of insulation for the living quarters below. Over the course of the winter and spring the young members of the family throw the straw down into the courtyard and move it into the first floor of the house to replenish the animals’ bedding. So, as the weather warms, the insulation layer in the attic is slowly removed, up into the summer when the animals are outside all the time.Now, these are hardy folk, and there’s no doubt that these traditional homes are colder than what we’re accustomed to. But this tri-level integration of passive energy strategies is pretty cool, and a good reminder that our modern world of high-performance building can draw lessons from ancient roots. Building in a capillary breakTake a look at this new rammed earth structure I saw in Bhutan (photo at right). Note that at the base of this rammed earth structure is stacked stone. I don’t know the exact history of this, but the layer of stone functions to break the rammed earth portion of the structure from the potentially damp soil, therefore short-circuiting any capillary action that would move water from the ground up into the structure. This was a common detail used for every ancient rammed earth structure I saw in Bhutan. And it’s similar to rammed earth construction I have built that sits on concrete foundations. The top of the concrete foundation is coated with a capillary break to act as a similar short-circuit for water from the ground.Rammed earth walls are resilient, solid assemblies that can last a surprisingly long time out in the open, even without any cover. Given that rammed earth walls are inherently thick — 2 feet or more in depth — they have inherent positive thermal qualities and a surprisingly high level of airtightness, two key qualities of the high performance buildings we build today.Modern, sophisticated versions of rammed earth wall assemblies have been developed to meet other high performance characteristics.In ancient rammed earth structures you can see evidence in the assembly of tensile fibers such as hair and straw. Additionally, a 2 to 3 inch wooden log is often located every 2 or 3 feet horizontally in the wall. In modern rammed earth assemblies, tensile fibers and logs are replaced with rebar, which essentially forms a ferro-earth assembly.Adding a small amount of Portland cement to an earth mix yields a similar result to a ferro-cement assembly. You get the compressive strength of earth with the tensile strength of the steel. This magic combination of compressive and tensile strength is what holds up all the big buildings that surround us here, by the way.